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Government of New Mexico

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The constitution of New Mexico established the governmental structure of New Mexico. The Government [1]of New Mexico is composed of the Executive Branch, The Legislative Branch and the Judicial Branch. The executive branch comprises of the Governor and several other statewide elected officials who includes the Lieutenant Governor, State Treasurer, Attorney General,  State Auditor, Secretary of State and Commissioner of Public Lands, as well as the Governor's cabinet. The Legislative Branch of New Mexico is composed of the House of Representatives and Senate. The Judicial branch of the government consists of the New Mexico Supreme Court and lower courts. New Mexico also has a local Government that comprises of the counties, municipalities and special districts.

The Executive Branch of New Mexico

The Governor[2] is the head of the Executive Branch of the Government of New Mexico. She is the first female governor of New Mexico and also the first Hispanic female Governor in United States history. The top priorities of the Governor includes balancing the budget, educating the children, ensuring transparency and ethics in government and also to keep the people of New Mexico safe.

Contact Details
Office of the Governor
490 Old Santa Fe Trail
Room 400
Santa Fe, NM 87501
Phone no: 505 476-2200

To know more about the Governor of New Mexico Click here.

New Mexico Government
Image Source: http://www.newmexico.gov/

The Lieutenant Governor is the second highest elected official in New Mexico.The Lt. Governor serves as the President of the New Mexico Senate and also as an acting Governor when the Governor is absent. The Lt. Governor also provides constituent services and serves as a member of several boards, councils, and commissions.

Contact Details
Office of the Lieutenant Governor
490 Old Santa Fe Trail, Room 417
Santa Fe, NM 87501
Phone no: 505 476-2250
Fax no: 505 476-2257

To know more about the Lieutenant Governor of New Mexico Click here.

Also Know about the offices of the

Secretary of State
Attorney General
State Treasurer
State Auditor
State Land Commissioner

The Legislative Branch of New Mexico

The State Legislature or the General Assembly [3] of New Mexico summons in regular sessions on the third Tuesday in January every year. The Legislature meets in odd-numbered years for 60 days and in even-numbered years the legislature meets for 30 days. The Legislature is composed of House of Representative and the Senate. The members of the Legislature are not paid for their legislative work but they do get a daily living allowance for each day of official legislative work. The Legislators are chosen from districts of approximately equal population. A single district is formed by combining several counties with small populations.

New Mexico General Assembly
Image source: http://www.nmlegis.gov/

The Presiding Officer of the House of Representative is the Speaker. The Speaker is responsible to appoint the members to the House standing committees and also to maintain order in the house. The New Mexico Legislature comprises of a 70-member House of Representatives. Presently there are 37 Republicans and 33 Democrats in the House of Representatives.

The New Mexico Senate consists of 42 members out of which 25 are Democrats and 17 are Republicans. The Lieutenant Governor is the President of the Senate. The President presides over the daily sessions.

To know more about New Mexico Legislature Click here.

The Judicial Branch of New Mexico

The New Mexico Judiciary [4] branch applies regulations and law and also ensures justice in the state. The Judicial power of the state of New Mexico is in the Supreme Court, a Court of Appeals, Districts courts and other such courts set up by the General Assembly.

The Supreme Court of New Mexico is the highest court and final court of review of the state. The Supreme Court of New Mexico is also the head of the Judicial Branch of Government. Apart from reviewing the decisions of the lower courts, the Supreme Court also has supervisory authority and general administrative over all State courts and attorney regulations.

Contact Details
New Mexico Supreme Court
The State of New Mexico
237 Don Gaspar Avenue, Santa Fe, NM 87501
Phone no: 505 827-4860
Fax no: 505 827-4837

To know more about Supreme Court of New Mexico Click here.

The Court of Appeals of New Mexico is the intermediate appellate court. It is the second highest court after the Supreme Court. The entire state comes under its jurisdiction. Presently, the Court of Appeals reviews appeals in all cases, except the cases that involve death sentences or life imprisonment and cases involving habeas corpus.

To know more about New Mexico Court of Appeals Click here.

District Courts of New Mexico are courts of general jurisdiction which hold jury trials. Presently there are 13 different districts. The District courts are presided over by Ninety-four judges. This court hears cases that include real property rights, Tort, estate, contract, mental health, Exclusive domestic relations, and appeals for administrative agencies and lower courts, Misdemeanor, miscellaneous civil jurisdiction Exclusive juvenile jurisdiction and Exclusive criminal appeals jurisdiction.

Magistrate Courts are courts of limited jurisdiction. New Mexico has 54 magistrate courts that are presided over by Sixty-seven judges. The magistrate courts look after the cases that include Felony preliminary hearings, contract, Tort, Felony preliminary hearings, Misdemeanor and other traffic violations.
Some other lower courts in New Mexico include Bernalillo County Metropolitan Court, Municipal Court and Probate Court.

To know more about New Mexico Judiciary Click here.

Taxes in New Mexico

The Taxation and Revenue Department[5] of New Mexico is led by the Secretary of Taxation and Revenue. Demesia Padilla is the present secretary of the Taxation and Revenue Department of New Mexico. The Department is responsible for collecting tax dollars and distributing them according to state law.Major taxes administered by the Department of Revenue of New Mexico includes:

New Mexico Taxes
Image Source: http://www.tax.newmexico.gov/

  • Personal Income Tax
  • 911 Emergency Surcharge
  • Leased Vehicle Gross Receipts Tax
  • Motor Vehicle Excise Tax
  • Trip Tax
  • Bingo and Raffle Tax
  • Corporate Income and Franchise Tax
  • Wage Withholding Tax
  • Conservation Tax
  • Alternative Fuel Tax
  • Boat Excise Tax
  • Caravan Tax
  • Cigarette Tax
  • Compensating Tax
  • Copper Ad Valorem Tax
  • Estate Tax
  • Fiduciary Income Tax for Trusts and Estates
  • Gaming Taxes
  • Gasoline Tax
  • Governmental Gross Receipts Tax
  • Gross Receipts Tax
  • Interstate Telecommunications Gross Receipts Tax
  • Leased Vehicle Surcharge
  • Liquor Excise Tax
  • Local Liquor Excise Tax
  • Natural Gas Processors Tax
  • Oil & Gas Production Taxes
  • Oil and Gas Proceeds Withholding Tax
  • Property Tax
  • Railroad Car Company Tax
  • Resources Excise Tax
  • Severance Tax
  • Tobacco Products Tax
  • Weight Distance Tax
For more information on Taxes on New Mexico Click here.

Executive Agencies of New Mexico

Under the leadership of the Governor of New Mexico, many state agencies administer and manage different departments of the state. The main state agencies of New Mexico consist of:

New Mexico Department of Finance and Administration

New Mexico Finance and Adminstration Department
Image Source: http://nmdfa.state.nm.us/

The Department of Finance and Administration of New Mexico offers problem solving support and sound fiscal advice to the Governor. The Department also provides fiscal oversight and budget direction to state agencies and local governments.

Contact Details
 407 Galisteo Street
Santa Fe, NM 87501
Phone no: 505-827-3638
Fax no: 505-827-433
To know more about the Department of Finance and Administration Click here.

New Mexico Children, Youth and Families Department

New Mexico Children, Youth and Families Department
Image source: http://cyfd.org/

The Children, Youth and Families Department of New Mexico provide an array of intervention, rehabilitative, prevention and after-care services to the children and their families of New Mexico.

Contact Details
New Mexico Children, Youth & Families Department
P.O. Drawer 5160
Santa Fe, NM 87502-5160

To know more about the New Mexico Children, Youth and Families Department Click here.

New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs

New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs
Image Source: http://www.newmexicoculture.org/

The New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs was formed in the year 1978 by the New Mexico Legislature. The Department represents the dedication of New Mexico to preserve and celebrate the cultural integrity and diversity of the state.

Contact Details
407 Galisteo, Suite 260
Santa Fe, NM, 87501
Phone no: 505-827-6364

To know more about New Mexico Department of Cultural Affairs Click here.

New Mexico Environment Department

New Mexico Environment Department
Image source: http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us

The Environment Department of New Mexico is the environmental agency for the State of New Mexico. The Department informs the people of the state on environmental protection and health and safety requirements.

Contact Details
Harold L. Runnels Building
1190 St. Francis Drive, Suite N4050
Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505
Phone no: 800 219-6157, 505 827-2855

To know more about New Mexico Environment Department Click here.

New Mexico Department of Public Safety

New Mexico Department of Public Safety
Image Source: http://www.dps.state.nm.us/

The New Mexico Department of Public Safety works through enforcement of state laws and regulations and detection and prevention of criminal activity protects human life and property of the state.

Contact Details
Department of Public Safety
PO Box 1628
Santa Fe, NM 87504-1628
Phone no: 505 827-9282

To know more about Department of Public Safety Click here.

New Mexico Department of Information Technology

New Mexico Department of Information Technology
Image source: http://www.doit.state.nm.us/

The Department was set up as a single, unified cabinet level department. This Department gives services and solutions and efficient and cost-effective enterprise products, within a secure and reliable environment for the customers

Contact Details

New Mexico Department of Information Technology
P.O. Box 22550
Santa Fe, NM 87502-2550
Phone no: 505-827-0000

To know more about Department of Information Technology Click here.

Click here to get more information on Executive agencies of New Mexico



References:
  1. New Mexico Government
  2. Governor of New Mexico
  3. New Mexico General Assembly
  4. New Mexico Courts
  5. Taxes in New Mexico
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